The foreign students selected often receive a scholarship which covers their expenses.
Hummel, Pascale, Pour une histoire de lÉcole normale supérieure : sources darchives (17941993), National Archives, Presses de lÉcole normale supérieure, 1995.
History and literature edit One of the school's foremost specialities has always been the teaching of history, and as such it has produced a large number of renowned historians who have been important in the development of their subject, starting with Numa Denis Fustel.Since, traditionally, the institution does not have the powers to grand university degrees, this entails that students have to follow courses in other universities in Paris.Although it is seldom applied in practice, this exclusivity clause is redeemable (often by the hiring firm).Médailles Fields et prix Abel ENS.Hummel, Pascale, Regards sur les études classiques au XIXe siècle.ENS recruits very few students into its own doctoral program (ED 540).The number of admissions was 24 in 1878 and 20 in 1879, enough to meet demand, but fell to 15 in 1880 and averaged only 13 in the following decade.
Later, Marxist political thinker Louis Althusser was a student at ENS and taught there for hp com fr promo formulaire many years, and many of his disciples later became known for their own thought: among them were Étienne Balibar, philosopher Alain Badiou, who still teaches at the school.
The school has secondary sites in Montrouge and Foljuif which house some of its laboratories.
The school was closed as a result of the arrival of the Consulate but this Ecole normale was to serve as a basis when the school was founded for the second time by Napoleon I in 1808.French Revolution 5 and was intended to provide the." The Times article about most cited scholars (2007.ENS also welcomes selected foreign students international selection participates in various graduate programs, and has extensive research laboratories.During its history and due to the far reach of the French Empire during the colonial era, many schools have been created around the world based on the ENS model, from Haiti (in Port-au-Prince ) to Vietnam (in Hanoi) to the Maghreb (in Tunis, Casablanca.As of now, by law, ENS comes under the direct authority of the Minister for Higher Education and Research.The school's diploma, instituted in 2006, requires students to attend a certain number of courses not related to their major.Engineering grande école d'ingénieurs) located in the city.
Government and politics edit ENS has never had a section in public policy, but some of its students have become leading statesmen and politicians.
Its classics section is part of the national network of specialised libraries ( Cadist ).
However, the "pensionnat" created by Napoleon came to be perceived under the Restoration as a nexus of liberal thought and was suppressed by then-minister of public instruction Denis-Luc Frayssinous in 1824.